A step-by-step guide on how to become a CIA operative. Specifically an ‘officer’ (field) as an official employee of the Central Intelligence Agency – not as an asset or contractor.


A CIA officer or operative is responsible for gathering and analyzing intelligence to support the United States of America’s national security objectives.

This involves conducting covert operations, recruiting and managing sources, and providing intelligence briefings to government officials. CIA officers may work in a variety of locations, including embassies and consulates abroad, and may be called upon to work in difficult and dangerous environments.

The job requires strong analytical skills, the ability to think critically and make decisions under pressure, and a high level of discretion and confidentiality.

          How to Become a CIA Operative

For non-recruited specialized personnel, the process starts when a candidate contacts the CIA directly or submit an application through the agency’s website. The Agency will initially conduct a thorough background check and may invite the candidate to participate in an interview or assessment center.

This is an arduous, highly selective and competitive hiring process. These are the general steps you can take to become a part of the Agency:

              Basic Requirements

To be eligible for an officer position at the CIA, you must be a United States citizen and at least 18 years old. You must also be able to pass a rigorous background check and security clearance process.

Unless you’re being recruited, a degree is mandatory. The type of degree will depend on what position you’d like to pursue. The CIA looks for candidates with a wide range of skills and backgrounds. However, certain fields of study can be particularly useful, such as international relations, national security, foreign languages, and computer science to be an officer.

Other positions might require expertise in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM).

              Relevant Experience

Experience in the military, law enforcement, or other intelligence agencies can be helpful when applying to the CIA. You can also gain relevant experience by interning at a federal agency or working in a private related field beyond government / state.


Passing physical and psychological evaluations is standard. All prospective CIA officers must pass both evaluations before being considered for placement with the Agency. During the physical evaluation, applicants will be tested on their agility and strength as well as their endurance and coordination. The psychological evaluation will test applicants on their problem-solving skills as well as their ability to handle stress and pressure in difficult situations.

              External Recruitment





Once you have passed both evaluations, you can apply for an open position with the Agency. Prospective applicants should look at both entry level positions as well as more advanced positions that require specialized knowledge or experience in specific areas such as clandestine services, strategic surveillance or counterintelligence operations.

The application process includes submitting resumes, completing written examinations, undergoing interviews with Agency personnel, and participating in simulated exercises designed to assess your suitability for various roles within the Agency.

              Entrance Exam

Pass the CIA entrance exam. The Agency uses the Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT) as part of its hiring process. The exam consists of multiple-choice questions and an essay, and covers topics such as geography, history, and current events.

              Job Interview

If you pass the entrance exam, you will be invited to attend an in-person interview similar to any other job interview. This will be an opportunity for the CIA to learn more about you and your qualifications, and for you to learn more about the agency and its work.

              Security Clearance Process

If you’re offered a career at the CIA, you will need to complete another, even more thorough background check and security clearance process. This process can take several months, and includes a polygraph examination and an even more in-depth interview.

              CIA’s Training Program

If you are successfully hired by the CIA, you will need to attend the Agency’s training program. This program is designed to teach you the skills and foundation you need to be an effective CIA officer. It provides an extensive curriculum of theoretical, analytical and practical instruction that is specifically designed to prepare aspiring intelligence professionals with the skills and knowledge necessary to excel.

Course topics range from leadership and management, administrative support, cryptology, espionage, domestic intelligence analysis and investigation, counter-proliferation, clandestine operations and language acquisition.

This comprehensive training regimen also includes a rigorous physical fitness (combatives, athletics) program aimed at ensuring that officers are physically conditioned to perform the rigors of their trade no matter what mission they are assigned.

Becoming an operative / officer of the Central Intelligence Agency is no small feat. It requires dedication and hard work but can also be immensely rewarding for those who are up for the challenge.

There’s also the pride of serving your country beyond the military and law enforcement by being a patriot elite as an agent of the intelligence world.

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